The first summit was held in Dhaka, Bangladesh on 7–8 December 1985 and was attended by the Government representative and president of Bangladesh, Maldives, Pakistan and Sri Lanka, the kings of Bhutan and Nepal, and the prime minister of India.
They signed the SAARC Charter on 8 December 1985, thereby establishing the regional association, and established study groups on the problems of terrorism and drug trafficking, as well as planning a ministerial-level meeting about GATT, and a ministerial-level conference on increasing the participation of women at the regional level. The summit also agreed to establish a SAARC secretariat and adopted an official SAARC emblem.
US Assistant Secretary of State for South and Central Asian Affairs Nisha Desai Biswal is scheduled to visit India and Bangladesh after attending the 18th SAARC Summit to be held in Nepal's Capital City Kathmandu, Nepal on November 26-27, 2014.
Nisha will participate in meetings with government officials, civil society and labour group leaders, and members of the business community in Bangladesh.
Apart from SAARC member countries visit, she will visit Uzbekistan, and Switzerland on trip from November 23-December 5, 2014 from Washington.
First, she will start travel from New Delhi, India for internal consultations and bilateral meetings and head towards Kathmandu as United States representative as an observer state at the 18th Annual South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (Saarc) Summit.
Finally, Assistant Secretary Biswal will travel to Basel, Switzerland to participate in the OSCE Ministerial. She will hold meetings with senior leaders from the OSCE and Central Asian nations.
The South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (Saarc), often described derisively by critics as a talk shop, is at a crossroads with people of the region seeking regional integration and governments of the region grudgingly realizing its potential, a Bangladeshi official said on Tuesday.
"Despite all our frustrations, the situation in South Asia has dramatically changed and there has never been a better time (for Saarc) to move towards South Asian regional integration—developing it into a South Asian community," said Gowher Rizvi, international affairs adviser to Bangladesh Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina. "To me this is a very opportune time.
A lot of compelling forces have come together, which essentially means if we can grab this opportunity we can really do much," Rizvi said at an event in New Delhi.
It said on Monday it had sent a letter calling on her to take the lead role in this matter at the summit in Kathmandu to be held from Nov 26 to 27.
The Berlin-based graft watchdog ranks Bangladesh and many South Asian countries among the world's most corrupt nations.
The delegation has been requested to undertake effective regional initiatives to mutually share experiences and to cooperate in controlling corruption, particularly its cross-border dimensions, including the illicit flow of tainted money and resources